Pilsen is a statutory city in western Bohemia and the metropolis of the Pilsen Region. It lies at the confluence of the Rivers Mže, Radbuza, Úhlava and Úslava, from which the River Berounka comes into being. Pilsen has a population of about 170 thousand inhabitants, making it the fourth largest city in the Czech Republic and the second largest city in Bohemia.
Pilsen is known as an industrial and beer-brewing city. The large factories of former Škodovka manufacture vehicles and industrial machinery; on the other side of the regional metropolis, the popular beers Urquell and Gambrinus are brewed. The bottom-fermented lager is designated as a Pilsner-type beer, known worldwide as Pilsner or Pils after the name of the city.
Pilsen has a considerable cultural significance. There are numerous cultural centres and theatres. There is also the seat of the bishopric of the Pilsen Diocese in the city. Higher education is represented by the University of West Bohemia and the Faculty of Medicine of Charles University.
The present-day historical centre of the city has a regular grid of streets with the rectangular Republic Square in the middle, dominated by the Cathedral of St. Bartholomew (built from 1290).
The hotel is located in the centre of Pilsen in a quiet park area, only two tram stops from the Main Train Station and three stops from the Central Bus Station.
The Gothic three-aisle cathedral is located in the Republic Square in Pilsen. It was probably founded together with the city around 1295. The original parish church became a cathedral upon the establishment of the Pilsen Diocese in 1993. In 1995, it was included among the national cultural monuments.
The brewery was jointly founded and built by the burghers with the right to brew beer in Pilsen in 1842. In the then Citizens’ Brewery in Pilsen, the first gyle of the bottom-fermented lager was brewed, and the lager subsequently conquered the whole world under the name of Pilsner Urquell and gave the name to an entire kind of beer - Pils. The Pilsner Urquell Brewery offers tours that will delight beer fans and history lovers alike. You can see the authentic places where the famous Pilsner Urquell beer was born 170 years ago and where its story continues to this day.
As the only specialist museum of its kind in the Czech Republic, it guards the legend of beer-brewing. In terms of the concept and extent of the exhibition, it reportedly has no competition in the world. You can learn more about the history of Pilsner pubs and you can see the malt house, kiln, drying shed, laboratory as well as beer curiosities.
The Techmania Science Centre in Pilsen is a unique project in the Czech Republic, an experimental station for the curious that constitutes the perfect synthesis between a platform of informal education and a popular tourist destination. The aim of Techmania is to help the public, particularly pupils, students and families with children, to find and develop a personal relationship with science and technology, and in general to discover the possibilities of human knowledge.
The zoological and botanical garden of Pilsen is the second oldest zoo in the Czech Republic. It is the most visited tourist attraction in the Pilsen Region and the fourth most visited zoo in the Czech Republic. The zoo was founded in the West Bohemia metropolis as early as 1926, on the banks of the River Radbuza in the city district of Doudlevce. It was briefly in private lease in 1940. In the 1950s, it passed under the management of the National Committee and became part of the new Park of Culture and Leisure a few years later. In 1961, the original location was closed down because of the anthrax infection. Since 1963, the zoo has been located in Lochotín, where it merged with the neighbouring botanical garden in 1981.
The building of the Great Theatre, built in 1902, whose designer was the architect Antonín Balšánek (the author of the Municipal House in Prague, among other things), is among the major immovable cultural monuments in the city. The generous approach of the Municipality to the project is evidenced by the rich artistic decoration of the building, which involved prominent artists, for example Ladislav Šaloun, Augustin Němejc and others. However, the building of the Great Theatre, ranked among the first-category cultural monuments, is not only a beautiful monument to the past, when its stage hosted many theatre legends. It is a living cultural centre of the city and the entire Pilsen Region.